Acne is not a problem that is only confined to teenagers. Many men and women over the age of 30 have acne problems. Although the majority of people that are affected by acne experience it as teenagers there is still a small percentage of adults that get acne.
Adult males tend to get acne half as frequently as adult women. Adults typically experience bouts of acne that are less severe than that experienced by teenagers but these acne breakouts are longer lived and take a while to subside. The general progression of acne outbreaks in adults follows a similar pattern to outbreaks among adolescents from blackheads to whiteheads to pimples and in severe cases cystic acne. Adult acne also appears in the same places as it does among adolescents; on the shoulders, face, neck and back. Causes of adult acne involve a few other factors apart from hormone levels and heredity.
Pregnant women are especially vulnerable to acne outbreaks and this accounts for a large part of why adult women experience acne at almost double the rate of adult men. Pregnant women typically experience higher levels of androgens and hormones like progesterone and estrogen. Androgens are released from the adrenal glands and the ovaries and can cause the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum thereby starting the the progression of acne outbreaks when bacteria begin to accumulate in the sebum clogged follicles and pores. Apart from pregnancy women are also vulnerable to acne when they are affected by any event or period in life that causes sharp hormonal fluctuations like perimenopause, menopause, ovulation, menstruation and the use of birth control pills.
In the later stages of life acne tends to be more connected with excess body weight and a high glycemic diet. Such a diet involves the eating of foods that contain relatively high levels of refined sugars and carbohydrates which result in quick swings in blood sugar levels and sharp rises and falls in the body’s insulin production. There are many illnesses in adults attributed to this abuse of the insulin system and one of them is acne. It is believed that these swings in blood sugar causes higher levels of hormone that drive sebum production.
Red meat and milk are known to have certain hormone levels that may influence the production of sebum as well. Nutrition has a great deal to do with the aggravation of acne symptoms. Many of these relationships are not very clear but correlations can be drawn. A balanced diet that is low in foods with high glycemic effects and big on fresh fruits and vegetables can give a welcome boost to the performance of the best acne treatment products for adults. Among other causes of adult acne are bad cosmetics and stress. Although it is hard to pinpoint any singular cause of acne in adults, usually it is a combination of some of the causes mentioned above. Adult acne is just as treatable as any other but improvements to diet and reduction of stress levels are two intangibles that many adults report as reducing the severity of their outbreaks.